The contents necessary for first aid are kept together in a first aid kit or some other suitable container. These kits should be kept in the work place, in home, sports and leisure facilities and vehicles and must contain essentials for immediate treatment.
The contents of the kit at workplace and leisure center must conform to the legal requirements. You may add things to your kit at home depending on your requirements.
The kit should be clearly marked and easily accessible. It should be kept in a cool and dry place. It should be checked and replenished regularly, so that all required items are always ready to use.
Contents of a first aid kit are shown in the following table. These may vary according to the duties performed, rules of the organization and special needs for the occasion.
First aid kit list of contents
Commercially available first aid kits available via normal retail routes have traditionally been intended for treatment of minor injuries only. Typical contents include adhesive bandages, regular strength pain medication, gauze and low grade disinfectant.
Specialized first aid kits are available for various regions, vehicles or activities, which may focus on specific risks or concerns related to the activity. For example, first aid kits sold through marine supply stores for use in watercraft may contain seasickness remedies.
Blood pressure instrument
Writing pad and pen
Essentials for treatment purposes
Bandages, assorted sizes
Gauze pads, sterile
Sticking plaster roll
Cotton wool packet
Light plywood splints
Screw capped bottles, wide mouthed
Gastric lavage tube
Intravenous drip set
Hypodermic syringe, 2 ml and 5 ml
Injection needles No. 22, 24
File for cutting ampoules
Scissors, blunt and sharp tipped
Dextrose 5% solution for intravenous use
Oral rehydration therapy pack
Tetanus toxoid ampoule
Adrenalin injection 1 : 1000 ampoule
Atropine injection ampoule
Antihistaminic tablets packet
Antispasmodic tablets packet
Paracetamol tablets packet
Antiasthma tablets packet
Antacid tablet packet
Medications for external use
Methylated spirit bottle
Tincture of iodine bottle
Tincture of benzoin bottle
Lignocaine 2% tube
Eye drops bottle
Poimt to remember:
There is a wide variation in the contents of first aid kits based on the knowledge and experience of those putting it together, the differing first aid requirements of the area where it may be used and variations in legislation or regulation in a given area.
First aid kits can be assembled in almost any type of container, and this will depend on whether they are commercially produced or assembled by an individual. Standard kits often come in durable plastic boxes, fabric pouches or in wall mounted cabinets.
The type of container will vary depending on purpose, and they range in size from wallet sized through to large rucksacks.