Cells become insulin resistant because they are trying to protect themselves from their receptor activity and number of receptors so that they don’t have to be subjected to all that stimuli all the time.
Different cells respond to insulin differently. Some cells are more resistant than others, as some cells are incapable of becoming very resistant.
The liver becomes resistant first, followed by the muscle tissue and lastly the fats. As all these major tissues become insulin resistant, the pancreas put out more insulin to compensate.
Any time your cell is exposed to insulin, it is going to become more insulin resistant. This is inevitable, but we can control the rate.
But the pancreas can’t always keep up that high level of insulin production forever.
Once the production of insulin starts slowing down, then the blood sugar goes up and the person becomes diabetic.
It refers to a combination of risk factors for type 2 diabetes, including chronically elevated insulin levels, low HDL (“good”) cholesterol, abdominal obesity and high blood pressure.
Excessive intake of all carbohydrates, especially the high-glycemic type, is the primary culprit in the development of insulin resistance.
Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body no longer responds to insulin. As a result, levels of glucose in the blood become elevated and over time, can raise the risk for kidney failure and blindness, as well as heart disease.
A recent study has found that insulin resistance syndrome, or “syndrome X,” is found in families with a history of early heart disease – a heart attack or blood vessel blockage before age 55 in men and before age 65 in women.
High levels of insulin cause health problems
High levels of insulin cause several problems: one of them is high blood pressure. One of the roles of insulin is to assist the storing of excess nutrients.
Insulin plays a role in storing magnesium. But if your cells become resistant to insulin, you can’t store magnesium so you lose it through urination. Intra-cellular magnesium relaxes muscles.
What happens when you can’t store magnesium because the cell is resistant? You lose magnesium and your blood vessels constrict and this cause an increase in blood pressure.
Insulin also causes the retention of sodium, which causes fluid retention, which causes high blood pressure and congestive heart failure.
A recent study showed that overweight children with high levels of insulin in their blood are also likely to have high levels of homocysteine, a substance which appears to raise the risk of heart disease, stroke and birth defects.
Osteoporosis is another potential problem resulting from insulin resistance. Insulin is a master hormone which controls many anabolic hormones such as growth hormone, testosterone, and progesterone.
In insulin resistance, the anabolic process is reduced. Bone is built upon the command of such hormones. When these hormones are reduced, the amount of bone building is reduced, and the amount of calcium excreted is increased.
Insulin increases cellular proliferation. How does this affect cancer? It helps it grow.
There are many studies which show that one of the strongest correlations to breast and colon cancers are levels of insulin